Hire & Pay Employees in India 🇮🇳

With PamGro, your business can easily hire employees in India. No more worrying about local laws, complex tax systems, or managing international payroll.

CapitalNew Delhi

Currency Indian Rupee (INR)

GDP per Capita$2730

Payroll FrequencyMonthly

Employer Tax15.25%


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India, being a prominent global player, offers a lucrative market for multinational corporations looking to expand. With its vast pool of talented workers and strong infrastructure, the country holds immense opportunities for development. Nevertheless, understanding the nuances of Indian labor regulations can be challenging. Moreover, India, similar to various other nations, distinguishes between self-employed individuals or contractors and regular employees. Incorrect classification of contractors in India could result in fines and sanctions against the company.

India, known as the Republic of India, is situated in South Asia. It holds the distinction of being the second-most populous nation and the seventh-largest country in terms of land area. Moreover, it proudly stands as the world’s most populous democracy. India is characterized by its pluralistic nature, with a diverse range of languages and ethnicities coexisting harmoniously. Furthermore, it has emerged as a rapidly growing major economy, serving as a prominent center for information technology services and witnessing the rise of a burgeoning middle class.

Benefits of hiring in India
  • Abundant and Highly Skilled Workforce:

India possesses a vast and youthful labor force, producing more than 1.5 million engineering graduates every year. As a result, there is a readily available pool of exceptionally skilled professionals across various sectors, such as IT, engineering, finance, and medicine. 

  • Cost-Effectiveness:

Due to the lower cost of living in comparison to developed nations, salaries for skilled Indian professionals are generally more competitive. This enables companies to access top-notch talent without surpassing their budgetary constraints.

  • Technical Proficiency: 

The Indian education system places a strong emphasis on STEM fields, leading to a substantial pool of professionals with expertise in software development, data analysis, cybersecurity, and other technical domains.

Challenges when expanding into India

India’s labor laws can be intricate and subject to frequent changes. Navigating regulations regarding visas, work permits, and social security contributions can be a complex and time-consuming process. Obtaining necessary permits and licenses can involve dealing with layers of bureaucracy. This can lead to delays and frustrations for companies seeking to establish a presence in India.

While India boasts a growing infrastructure, gaps still exist. Logistics and transportation can be less efficient compared to developed nations, impacting supply chains and operational costs. Understanding and navigating cultural nuances is crucial for success. Communication styles, business etiquette, and decision-making processes can differ significantly from Western norms.

India’s skilled workforce is in high demand, both domestically and internationally. Companies may face competition from other businesses offering competitive salaries and attractive benefits.


Cultural Nuances

Another influential factor is that Indians often strive to please others in their communication style. As a result, they tend to say what they believe will be pleasing, even if it contradicts the truth. Moreover, preserving one’s dignity is highly valued in Indian culture, which leads individuals to respond with a ‘yes’ in order to avoid losing face.

Indians prioritize forming strong bonds with their coworkers. In India, it is common to ask about one’s background, salary, or family when first meeting them. This should not be seen as intrusive, but rather as a sincere effort to establish trust and connection with their colleagues. Therefore, dedicating time to nurturing relationships is vital. 

Indians do not strictly adhere to punctuality like some other cultures do. However, this should not be interpreted as being late or lacking seriousness. It is important to recognize that, in the Indian context, time is viewed as a flexible concept. Events and activities are expected to unfold naturally, rather than being strictly scheduled. 

Employment Contracts in India

Employing in India

According to the Constitution of India, labor is categorized under the concurrent list, granting authority to both the Central and respective State Governments to create legislation on this matter. The remaining legislative powers are held by the Centre. As a consequence, numerous laws at both the central and state levels have been established to safeguard the rights of workers and enhance employment prospects. It is important to note that the following information should be considered as general guidelines, and it is advisable to seek professional legal services when engaging in employment activities in India.

Working Hours

  • The standard workweek in India is limited to 48 hours. 
  • The maximum number of working hours per day cannot exceed 9 hours. 
  • The total work period, including breaks, should not go beyond 10 ½ hours per day. 
  • Any work that surpasses the weekly or daily limit is considered overtime. 
  • Employers are required to compensate overtime work at a rate of at least double the employee’s regular wages. 
  • The new labor codes permit a maximum of 125 extra hours of overtime per quarter on top of the 48-hour workweek (previously capped at 50 hours). 
  • Employees must have a rest break of at least half an hour after working continuously for 5 hours. 
  • Companies are now allowed to implement a 4-day workweek with extended working hours (up to 12 hours) per day under the new codes.
  • The standard workweek in India is 5 days, typically from Monday to Friday.

Overtime Pay

Overtime is capped at eight hours a week or 150 hours a year and is paid at 125% of the standard rate.

Minimum Wages and Salaries

India’s national floor level minimum wage is INR 1780 daily or INR 15,340 monthly.

Probation Period

There are no legal requirements regarding the duration of probation periods, but it is customary in the industry for probation periods to typically last between 2 and 6 months.

Termination Requirements

The employment relationship may come to an end through various means:

  • Voluntary termination by the employee (resignation)
  • Retirement in accordance with the terms of the employment contract 
  • Non-renewal or expiration of the employment contract
  • Dismissal of the employee for serious misconduct (such as theft, fraud, etc.)
  • Collective dismissal for economic reasons (such as bankruptcy, restructuring, etc.).

Notice Period

In India, there is no set minimum or maximum notice period required before resignation. Typically, companies enforce notice periods ranging from 15 days to 6 months, as illustrated in the recent Supreme Court ruling on employment notice periods in the case of Air India Express Ltd. v. Gurdarshan Kaur Sandhu, (2019).

Severance Pay

In India, eligibility for severance pay is determined by a combination of factors including employment terms, company policies, and the grounds for termination. While not universally required by law, there are specific situations in which employees may be entitled to seek severance pay.

Everything you need to hire in India

Leave Policy

Casual Leave:

Casual leave is granted for unforeseen and urgent matters. Typically, companies allow employees to take up to three days of casual leave per month and a maximum of six days per year. If not utilized, casual leave expires at the end of the year.

Maternity Leave:

Pregnant women are eligible for six months of paid pregnancy leave (prior to the due date) and a minimum of 26 weeks of maternity leave (following childbirth) for their first two children. In the case of mothers with more than three children, each additional child grants them a right to 12 weeks of paid maternity leave.

Paternity Leave:

Parental leave policies in the private sector are not obligatory, and each company determines its own policies regarding parental leave. However, male government employees in India are entitled to a maximum of 15 days of parental leave.

Work related injury leave:

Work-related injury leave is meant for unexpected personal situations that require immediate time off. This includes making arrangements for the care of a sick family member or dealing with the unfortunate event of a family member’s death.

Sick Leave

  • The duration of sick leave varies annually, lasting anywhere from 5 to 12 days depending on the state.
  • Employees are entitled to full pay during their sick leave. 
  • A medical certificate from a doctor is usually necessary for absences lasting longer than a certain period, typically 2-3 days.



Statutory Time Off

  • Statutory Leave:

By law, employees are entitled to take leaves of 18 days in a calendar year updated monthly(1.5 days/month credit each month).

  • Public holidays:

An employee is automatically granted three compulsory national holidays, namely Republic Day, Independence Day, and Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday.

Below is a summary of annual celebrations:

  • Holi
  • Good Friday
  • Eid-ul-Fitr
  • Ram Navmi
  • Mahavir Jayanti
  • Buddha Purnima
  • Id-ul-Zuha (Bakrid)
  • Muharram
  • Janmashtami (Vaishnva)
  • Milad-un-Nabi or Id-e-Milad
  • Dussehra
  • Diwali
  • Guru Nanak’s Birthday
  • Christmas


Working hours40/week

Holidays per year 12

Minimum wage per month CZK 14,600

Annual vacation leave (min)20 days

Paternity Leave 14 days

Competitive Benefits Package in India

PamGro allows you to provide localized benefits for employees in India within minutes.

Health Insurance

Relationship Manager

Vision Insurance


Pension or 401(K)

Relationship Manager

Dental Insurance

Relationship Manager

Life and Disability Insurance


Payroll & Taxes in India

Employer Payroll Contributions

Social Security applied on income above 1,935,552 CZK annually
Health Insurance
Total Employment Cost

Employee Payroll Contributions

Social Security (covers Pension sickness and unemployment) applied on income above 1,935,552 CZK annually
Health Insurance

Taxes in Czech Republic

The Czech Republic imposes a 15% to 23% income tax rate on individuals, along with a 7% ‘solidarity tax’ that was implemented in 2013.

Tax Rate (%) Gross Annual Income
Up to 1,935,552 CZK
23.00% 1,935,552 CZK and above

Calculate the payroll of an employee in India?